Reports and Publications
- An estimated 1,394,651 residents, including 266,841 (19%) children under the age of 14.
- An estimated 20,152 children, 5 years or younger live in poverty; 20,502 children ages 6 through 13 live in poverty; 15% (40,654) of children under age of 14 live in poverty.
- Alameda County average family size: 3.18 persons. (1990 Census)
Work, Family and Child Care
- 54% of children 5 years and younger, and 64% of children ages 6 through 13 live in households where either both parents or the single-parent head-of-household is in the labor force. Of the estimated 67,262 children 5 years and younger with parents in the labor force, about 34,303 are in child care outside of the family. Of the estimated 90,168 children ages 6 through 13 with parents in the labor force, about 18,034 are in child care outside of the family.
- 81% of people working outside the home commute to work between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m.; 19% leave home after 10:00 a.m. to work at off-hours jobs (swing or night shifts).
- Federal minimum wage, beginning September 1997, will be $5.15/hour (10,712 annually).
Availability of Licensed Child Care
Licensed Family Child Care: A licensed child care program located in the provider's home. A provider can be licensed for either 6 or with an assistant, 12 children.
- There are 14,963 slots in 1,897 licensed family child care homes.
- County-wide there is a 25% vacancy rate for family child care homes: 25% in East county; 30% in North county, and; 21% in South county. (Data provided by Resources for Family Development, Bananas and 4C's).
- Of all slots in licensed family child care homes, 89% accept children full time and part time; 9% accept children full time only; 2% accept children part time only.
- Of the total number of licensed family child care homes, 28% provide evening, overnight, or weekend care and 56% offer before- and /or after-school care.
- In Alameda County, the average annual cost for full-time care in licensed Family Child Care is: $5671.64 for infants/toddlers ; $5220.80 for preschoolers, and; $4714.84 for school age children. (1997 Market Rate Survey, Alameda County, California Child Care Resource and Referral Network).
Licensed Child Care Centers: A licensed child care program located in a facility outside of a child's or provider's home.
- There are 30,492 slots in 535 licensed child care centers.
- County-wide there is a 11% vacancy rate for licensed child care centers: 3% in East county; 5% in North county, and; 10% in South county. (Data provided by Resources for Family Development, Bananas and 4C's).
- Of all slots in licensed child care centers 62% accept children full time and part time; 10% accept children full time only; and 28% accept children part time only.
- For slots at licensed child care centers accepting children part time only, 56% are in centers serving school-age children only.
- Of the total number of licensed and licensed-exempt centers, 1% provide evening, overnight, or weekend care and 40% offer before-and/or after-school care.
- In Alameda County, the average annual cost for full-time care in Center-based Child Care is: $7912.84 for infants/toddlers; $6019.52 for preschoolers, and; $5506.80 for school-age children. (1997 Market Rate Survey, Alameda County, California Child Care Resource and Referral Network).
Alameda County Subsidized Child Care - "A Snap Shot"
Child Care Funding Streams:
- Child Care providers and Alameda County Social Services Agency administered $56,821,003 in 1996-1997, serving approximately 11,983 children.
- Child care providers in Alameda County received $51,405,656 from the California Department of Education, Child Development Division (CDE/CDD) for child care subsidies. CDE/CDD disbursed child care subsides via 15 different funding streams.
|Campus Child Care||$596,181||166|
|School Age Parenting (SAPID)||$491,595||100|
|Alternative Payment Federal Expansion||$2,160,814||104|
|Alternative Payment (General)||$2,535,368||404|
|FBG Alternative Payment||$2,604,653||440|
|Title IV-A At Risk||$2,836,746||484|
|Title IV-A At Risk AFDC Expansion||$363,126
to be administered
|Title IV-A At Risk - Center-Based||$15,126,227||2807|
|FBG Child Protective Service||$224,998||141|
|Total CDE/CDD Programs||$51,405,656||10,391|
|*FBG: Federal Block Grant|
- Alameda County Social Services Agency received $5,415,347 for child care subsidies from state and federal sources.
|Transitional Child Care (TCC)||$1,888,800||424*|
|Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN)||$1,800,000||642**|
|Supplemental Child Care (SCC)||$364,102||133*|
|Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA)||$363,665||99|
|Family Preservation (Respite)||$176,000||78|
|Maintenance of Effort (MOE)||$133,136||?|
|Total Alameda County SSA Funds||$5,415,347||1592 *|
Monthly averages over the course of 12 months
** Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Availability of Subsidized Child Care
Child Care Providers:
- Forty two child care agencies administered CDE/CDD center-based contracts.
- Eight Alternative Payment Programs administered child care vouchers for Alameda County families.
- Child care centers administered 80% of the child care subsidies and Alternative Payment programs administered 20%.
CDE/CDD Child Care Subsidies:
- Child care providers and Alternative Payment programs provided subsidies for 10,391 children under CDE/CDD contracts, 2,000 of whom were on AFDC.
- Of over 45,000 children between the ages of birth to 12 on AFDC, Alameda County Social Services Agency served approximately 1,592 (FTE) children with various child care subsidies.
- Of the approximately 3,600 children on AFDC who received child care subsidies, 60% (2,000) were served by CDE/CDD contracting agencies and 40% (1,592) were funded through Alameda County Social Services Agency programs.
- Child care centers served 85% of the CDE/CDD subsidized children, while Alternative Payment programs served 15%.
- Of the 10,391 children utilizing subsidized child care, 20% (2,047) were in part time infant/toddler or preschool care.
Ages of Children Served: Of the 10,391 children utilizing CDD/CDE child care subsidies
- 1,362 (13%) were between the ages of birth to three years old (infant/toddler).
- 5,653 (54%) were between the ages of three to five years old (preschool).
- 3,376 (33%) were between the ages of 5-12 years old (school-age).
Geographic Areas of Service: Child care subsidies are divided by three geographic regions in the County: North, South and East. Of the CDE/CDD contract, 1% was distributed county-wide by an Alternative Payment agency based outside of the county.
- North county received 76% of the CDE/CDD contracts and served 73% of the subsidized children.
- 31,697 children on AFDC (70% of AFDC population) resided in the North county.
South and East County:
- South county received 17% of the CDE/CDD contracts while serving 20% of the subsidized children.
- East county received 6% of the CDE/CDD contracts and served 6% of the subsidized children.
- 13,821 children on AFDC (30% of AFDC population) resided in the South and East county.
In-home Exempt Child Care:
- Of the 2,521 subsidized children receiving Alternative Payment vouchers, 627 (25%) utilized license exempt in-home care.
- Of the 627 children in licensed exempt in-home care, 28% were infants, 36% were preschool and 31% were school-age.
Family Income of Children Served:
- In Alameda County, 68% of the funds contracted by CDE/CDD have two eligibility priorities 1) referrals from Children's Protective Service (C.P.S.), 2) lowest income first.
- 32% of the CDE/CDD funds were reserved for parents who were "working poor" and "at risk" of going on, or returning to, welfare (Contract title: Title IV-At Risk funds).
- 79% of CDE/CDD subsidies in the County were utilized by working poor families.
- 21% of CDE/CDD subsidies in Alameda County were utilized by families on AFDC.
AFDC Child Population Description
Ages of Children on AFDC: 45,518 children between the ages of birth to 12 years old received AFDC.
- 10,649 children were between the ages of birth to 3 years old.
- 8,725 children were between the ages of 3.1 to 5 years old.
- 26,144 children were between the ages of 5 - 12 years old.
Family Income on AFDC:
- In Alameda County the average family size on AFDC is three.
- The monthly grant for a family of three is $565 per month ($6,780 annually).
- The overall average AFDC grant in Alameda County is $485 per month ($5,820 annually).
Geographic Distribution: Of all the children in Alameda County on AFDC:
- 63% resided in Oakland
- 12% resided in Hayward
- 5% resided in Fremont
- 4% were in Berkeley Alameda and Union City each had 3%
- 2 % or less resided, respectively, in the towns of Livermore, Newark, Castro Valley, Albany, Dublin, Pleasanton and Sunol.
State Income Statistics
- 1997 State Median Income for family of three: $40,044
- 75% of State Median Income for family of three: $30,036
(baseline eligibility for state and federal child care subsidy)
Alameda County Income Statistics
Numbers of Families At or Below 75% of the State Median Income
Percent of Location's
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