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The Population

  • An estimated 1,394,651 residents, including 266,841 (19%) children under the age of 14.
  • An estimated 20,152 children, 5 years or younger live in poverty; 20,502 children ages 6 through 13 live in poverty; 15% (40,654) of children under age of 14 live in poverty.
  • Alameda County average family size: 3.18 persons. (1990 Census)

Work, Family and Child Care

  • 54% of children 5 years and younger, and 64% of children ages 6 through 13 live in households where either both parents or the single-parent head-of-household is in the labor force. Of the estimated 67,262 children 5 years and younger with parents in the labor force, about 34,303 are in child care outside of the family. Of the estimated 90,168 children ages 6 through 13 with parents in the labor force, about 18,034 are in child care outside of the family.
  • 81% of people working outside the home commute to work between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m.; 19% leave home after 10:00 a.m. to work at off-hours jobs (swing or night shifts).
  • Federal minimum wage, beginning September 1997, will be $5.15/hour (10,712 annually).

Availability of Licensed Child Care

Licensed Family Child Care: A licensed child care program located in the provider's home. A provider can be licensed for either 6 or with an assistant, 12 children.

  • There are 14,963 slots in 1,897 licensed family child care homes.
  • County-wide there is a 25% vacancy rate for family child care homes: 25% in East county; 30% in North county, and; 21% in South county. (Data provided by Resources for Family Development, Bananas and 4C's).
  • Of all slots in licensed family child care homes, 89% accept children full time and part time; 9% accept children full time only; 2% accept children part time only.
  • Of the total number of licensed family child care homes, 28% provide evening, overnight, or weekend care and 56% offer before- and /or after-school care.
  • In Alameda County, the average annual cost for full-time care in licensed Family Child Care is: $5671.64 for infants/toddlers ; $5220.80 for preschoolers, and; $4714.84 for school age children. (1997 Market Rate Survey, Alameda County, California Child Care Resource and Referral Network).

Licensed Child Care Centers: A licensed child care program located in a facility outside of a child's or provider's home.

  • There are 30,492 slots in 535 licensed child care centers.
  • County-wide there is a 11% vacancy rate for licensed child care centers: 3% in East county; 5% in North county, and; 10% in South county. (Data provided by Resources for Family Development, Bananas and 4C's).
  • Of all slots in licensed child care centers 62% accept children full time and part time; 10% accept children full time only; and 28% accept children part time only.
  • For slots at licensed child care centers accepting children part time only, 56% are in centers serving school-age children only.
  • Of the total number of licensed and licensed-exempt centers, 1% provide evening, overnight, or weekend care and 40% offer before-and/or after-school care.
  • In Alameda County, the average annual cost for full-time care in Center-based Child Care is: $7912.84 for infants/toddlers; $6019.52 for preschoolers, and; $5506.80 for school-age children. (1997 Market Rate Survey, Alameda County, California Child Care Resource and Referral Network).

Alameda County Subsidized Child Care - "A Snap Shot"

Child Care Funding Streams:

  • Child Care providers and Alameda County Social Services Agency administered $56,821,003 in 1996-1997, serving approximately 11,983 children.
  • Child care providers in Alameda County received $51,405,656 from the California Department of Education, Child Development Division (CDE/CDD) for child care subsidies. CDE/CDD disbursed child care subsides via 15 different funding streams.
Program
Amount
Children
Center-Based (General) $18,345,137 3384
State Preschool $4,060,031 1755
FBG Center-Based $743,998 147
Latchkey $860,967 259
Campus Child Care $596,181 166
School Age Parenting (SAPID) $491,595 100
Alternative Payment Federal Expansion $2,160,814 104
Alternative Payment (General) $2,535,368 404
FBG Alternative Payment $2,604,653 440
Title IV-A At Risk $2,836,746 484
Title IV-A At Risk AFDC Expansion $363,126
to be administered
in 1997-98
Title IV-A At Risk - Center-Based $15,126,227 2807
Handicapped $397,867 72
FBG Child Protective Service $224,998 141
Tracking $57,948 128
Total CDE/CDD Programs $51,405,656 10,391
*FBG: Federal Block Grant
  • Alameda County Social Services Agency received $5,415,347 for child care subsidies from state and federal sources.
Program
Amount
Children
Transitional Child Care (TCC) $1,888,800 424*
Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) $1,800,000 642**
Cal-Learn $493,636 128
Supplemental Child Care (SCC) $364,102 133*
Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) $363,665 99
RESPITE $196,008 88
Family Preservation (Respite) $176,000 78
Maintenance of Effort (MOE) $133,136 ?
Total Alameda County SSA Funds $5,415,347 1592 *

Monthly averages over the course of 12 months
** Full-time Equivalent (FTE)

Availability of Subsidized Child Care

Child Care Providers:

  • Forty two child care agencies administered CDE/CDD center-based contracts.
  • Eight Alternative Payment Programs administered child care vouchers for Alameda County families.
  • Child care centers administered 80% of the child care subsidies and Alternative Payment programs administered 20%.

CDE/CDD Child Care Subsidies:

  • Child care providers and Alternative Payment programs provided subsidies for 10,391 children under CDE/CDD contracts, 2,000 of whom were on AFDC.
  • Of over 45,000 children between the ages of birth to 12 on AFDC, Alameda County Social Services Agency served approximately 1,592 (FTE) children with various child care subsidies.
  • Of the approximately 3,600 children on AFDC who received child care subsidies, 60% (2,000) were served by CDE/CDD contracting agencies and 40% (1,592) were funded through Alameda County Social Services Agency programs.
  • Child care centers served 85% of the CDE/CDD subsidized children, while Alternative Payment programs served 15%.
  • Of the 10,391 children utilizing subsidized child care, 20% (2,047) were in part time infant/toddler or preschool care.

Ages of Children Served: Of the 10,391 children utilizing CDD/CDE child care subsidies

  • 1,362 (13%) were between the ages of birth to three years old (infant/toddler).
  • 5,653 (54%) were between the ages of three to five years old (preschool).
  • 3,376 (33%) were between the ages of 5-12 years old (school-age).

Geographic Areas of Service: Child care subsidies are divided by three geographic regions in the County: North, South and East. Of the CDE/CDD contract, 1% was distributed county-wide by an Alternative Payment agency based outside of the county.

North County:

  • North county received 76% of the CDE/CDD contracts and served 73% of the subsidized children.
  • 31,697 children on AFDC (70% of AFDC population) resided in the North county.

South and East County:

  • South county received 17% of the CDE/CDD contracts while serving 20% of the subsidized children.
  • East county received 6% of the CDE/CDD contracts and served 6% of the subsidized children.
  • 13,821 children on AFDC (30% of AFDC population) resided in the South and East county.

In-home Exempt Child Care:

  • Of the 2,521 subsidized children receiving Alternative Payment vouchers, 627 (25%) utilized license exempt in-home care.
  • Of the 627 children in licensed exempt in-home care, 28% were infants, 36% were preschool and 31% were school-age.

Family Income of Children Served:

  • In Alameda County, 68% of the funds contracted by CDE/CDD have two eligibility priorities 1) referrals from Children's Protective Service (C.P.S.), 2) lowest income first.
  • 32% of the CDE/CDD funds were reserved for parents who were "working poor" and "at risk" of going on, or returning to, welfare (Contract title: Title IV-At Risk funds).
  • 79% of CDE/CDD subsidies in the County were utilized by working poor families.
  • 21% of CDE/CDD subsidies in Alameda County were utilized by families on AFDC.

AFDC Child Population Description

Ages of Children on AFDC: 45,518 children between the ages of birth to 12 years old received AFDC.

  • 10,649 children were between the ages of birth to 3 years old.
  • 8,725 children were between the ages of 3.1 to 5 years old.
  • 26,144 children were between the ages of 5 - 12 years old.

Family Income on AFDC:

  • In Alameda County the average family size on AFDC is three.
  • The monthly grant for a family of three is $565 per month ($6,780 annually).
  • The overall average AFDC grant in Alameda County is $485 per month ($5,820 annually).

Geographic Distribution: Of all the children in Alameda County on AFDC:

  • 63% resided in Oakland
  • 12% resided in Hayward
  • 5% resided in Fremont
  • 4% were in Berkeley Alameda and Union City each had 3%
  • 2 % or less resided, respectively, in the towns of Livermore, Newark, Castro Valley, Albany, Dublin, Pleasanton and Sunol.

State Income Statistics

  • 1997 State Median Income for family of three: $40,044
  • 75% of State Median Income for family of three: $30,036

(baseline eligibility for state and federal child care subsidy)

Alameda County Income Statistics

Numbers of Families At or Below 75% of the State Median Income

Location
Number
Percent of Location's
Population
Alameda County 94,807 30.40%
Alameda 5,132 28.76%
Albany 1,504 34.93%
Berkeley 6,458 33.76%
Dublin 866 16.93%
Emeryville 397 35.47%
Fremont 7,487 16.47%
Hayward 9,370 33.44%
Livermore 2,775 18.02%
Newark 1,793 18.47%
Oakland 40,068 47.13%
Piedmont 247 8.33%
Pleasanton 1,442 10.17%
San Leandro 5,245 28.73%
San Lorenzo 1,400 24.66%
Union City 2,702 20.49%
Ashland 2,162 50.95%
Castro Valley 3,040 22.39%
Cherryland 1,275 48.32%
Fairview 391 16.06%
Unincorp. Remainder 1,053 30.55%

* Portable Document Format (PDF) file requires the free Adobe Reader.

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